RESEARCH INFORMATION FOUND ONLINE (for educational purposes)
The Indians of Los Angeles County: Hugo Reid's letters of 1852. Edited and annotated by Robert F. Heizer. SOUTHWEST MUSEUM
LOS ANGELES, CA.
Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 68-8964.....click here
The North American Indian by Edward S. Curtis is one of the most significant and controversial representations of traditional American Indian culture ever produced. Issued in a limited edition from 1907-1930, the publication continues to exert a major influence on the image of Indians in popular culture. Curtis said he wanted to document "the old time Indian, his dress, his ceremonies, his life and manners." click here
Introduction Early California History: An Overview.....click here
Puente Hills Preserve...http://www.habitatauthority.org Sponsored Historical Research Into the History of the Puente Hills Preserve A BRIEF HISTORY OF
THE TONGVA TRIBE:
THE NATIVE INHABITANTS OF
THE LANDS OF THE PUENTE HILLS PRESERVE...click here
LAND, LABOR, AND LIVESTOCK:
The Uses of the Puente Hills Region, 1769 – 1880.....click here
A Study on Native American History - Critical Analysis....click here NATIVE AMERICAN HISTORY, COMPARATIVE GENOCIDE AND THE HOLOCAUST:
HISTORIOGRAPHY, DEBATE AND CRITICAL ANALYSIS
Gold, Greed & Genocide
Over 150,000 Native Americans lived sustainably in California prior to the gold rush. They had existed for many centuries, supporting themselves mostly by hunting, gathering and fishing. This life changed drastically in 1848 when James Marshall discovered the yellow metal in the American River at Coloma, in Northern California.
By 1870, there was an estimated native population of only 31,000 Californian Indians left. Over 60 percent of these indigenous people died from disease introduced by hundreds of thousands of so-called 49ers. However, local tribes were also systematically chased off their lands, marched to missions and reservations, enslaved and brutally massacred.
In 1851, the California State government paid $1 million for scalping missions. You could still get $5 for a severed Indian head in Shasta in 1855, and twenty five cents for a scalp in Honey Lake in 1863.
Over 4,000 Native American children were sold - prices ranged from $60 for a boy to $200 for a girl....to enter site Click here
THE AMERICAN INDIAN
YouTube VIDEO Remember to use - BACK ARROW - to return to tongvapeople.com
(located at top left side of screen)
The first photos/plates of the Native American were taken by early primitive techniques
as early as 1874.....click here A Guide to Fiber-Base Gelatin Silver Print Condition and Deterioration
by Gawain Weaver